scale


scale
scale
scale1 [skāl]
n.
[ME < LL scala (in Vulg., Jacob's ladder) < L, usually as pl., scalae, flight of stairs, ladder < * scandsla < scandere, to climb: see DESCEND]
1. Obs.
a) a ladder or flight of stairs
b) any means of ascent
2.
a) a series of marks along a line, at regular or graduated intervals, used in measuring or registering something [the scale of a thermometer]
b) any instrument or ruler marked in this manner
3.
a) the proportion that a map, model, etc. bears to the thing that it represents; ratio between the dimensions of a representation and those of the object [a scale of one inch to a mile]
b) a line marked off on a map to indicate this ratio or proportion
4.
a) a system of grouping or classifying in a series of steps or degrees according to a standard of relative size, amount, rank, etc. [the social scale, a wage scale]
b) a progressive graduated series, as of psychological or educational tests or scores
c) any point, grade, level, or degree in such a series
5. Math. a system of numerical notation [the binary scale]
6. Music a series of tones arranged in a sequence of rising or falling pitches in accordance with any of various systems of intervals; esp., all of such a series contained in one octave: see also CHROMATIC, DIATONIC, MAJOR SCALE, MINOR SCALE
vt.
scaled, scaling
1.
a) to climb up or over; go up by or as by a ladder or by clambering
b) to reach or surmount (specified heights)
2. to regulate, make, or set according to a scale
3. to measure by or as by a scale
4. to measure (logs) or estimate the board feet of (timber)
vi.
1. to climb; go up
2. to go up in a graduated series
——————
on a large scale or on a small scale
to a relatively large (or small, etc.) degree or extent
——————
scale back
SCALE DOWN (see phrase below)
——————
☆ scale up or scale down
to reduce (or increase), often according to a fixed ratio or proportion
scaler
n.
scale2 [skāl]
n.
[ME, aphetic < OFr escale, husk, shell (< Frank skala) & escaille, shell (< Goth skalja): both < Gmc * skalja, something split off < IE base * (s)kel-, to cut > SHELL, HALF]
1. any of the thin, flat, overlapping, rigid, horny plates forming the outer protective covering of the body in many fishes and reptiles and of the tails of a few mammals: see FISH
2. any of the structurally similar thin plates on birds' legs or certain insects' wings
3.
a) the single, round plate secreted by a scale insect
b) SCALE INSECT
4. any thin, flaky or platelike layer or piece, as of dry skin, mail armor, etc.
5. a flaky film of oxide that forms on heated or rusted metals
6. a coating that forms on the inside of boilers, kettles, or other metal containers that heat liquids
7. any greatly reduced scalelike leaf or bract; esp., such a modified leaf covering and protecting the bud of a seed plant
vt.
scaled, scaling
1. to strip or scrape scales from
2. to remove in thin layers; pare down
3. to cause scales to form on; cover with scales
4. to throw (a thin, flat object) so that its edge cuts the air or so that it skips along the surface of water
5. Dentistry to remove (tartar) from the teeth with a sharp instrument
vi.
1. to flake or peel off in scales
2. to become covered with scale or scales
scaleless
adj.
scale3 [skāl]
n.
[ME < ON skāl, bowl, weighing balance; akin to OHG scala, OE scealu, SHELL: see SCALE2]
1. either of the shallow dishes or pans of a balance
2. [often pl.]
a) BALANCE (sense 1)
b) any weighing machine
vt.
scaled, scaling
1. to weigh in scales
2. to have a weight of
vi.
to be weighed
——————
the Scales
Libra, the constellation and seventh sign of the Zodiac
——————
turn the scales
to determine or decide something uncertain [the arrival of fresh troops turned the scales]

English World dictionary. . 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • SCALE-UP — is a learning environment specifically created to facilitate active, collaborative learning in a studio like setting. Some people think the rooms look more like restaurants than classrooms [ J. Gaffney, E. Richards, M.B. Kustusch, L. Ding, and R …   Wikipedia

  • Scale — Scale, n. [Cf. AS. scealu, scalu, a shell, parings; akin to D. schaal, G. schale, OHG. scala, Dan. & Sw. skal a shell, Dan. ski[ae]l a fish scale, Goth. skalja tile, and E. shale, shell, and perhaps also to scale of a balance; but perhaps rather… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Scale — Scale, n. [L. scalae, pl., scala staircase, ladder; akin to scandere to climb. See {Scan}; cf. {Escalade}.] 1. A ladder; a series of steps; a means of ascending. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] 2. Hence, anything graduated, especially when employed as a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • scale — Ⅰ. scale [1] ► NOUN 1) each of the small overlapping plates protecting the skin of fish and reptiles. 2) a thick dry flake of skin. 3) a white deposit formed in a kettle, boiler, etc. by the evaporation of water containing lime. 4) tartar formed… …   English terms dictionary

  • Scale — (sk[=a]l), n. [AS. sc[=a]le; perhaps influenced by the kindred Icel. sk[=a]l balance, dish, akin also to D. schaal a scale, bowl, shell, G. schale, OHG. sc[=a]la, Dan. skaal drinking cup, bowl, dish, and perh. to E. scale of a fish. Cf. {Scale}… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Scale — Scale, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Scaled}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Scaling}.] To weigh or measure according to a scale; to measure; also, to grade or vary according to a scale or system. [1913 Webster] Scaling his present bearing with his past. Shak. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Scale — Scale, v. t. 1. To strip or clear of scale or scales; as, to scale a fish; to scale the inside of a boiler. [1913 Webster] 2. To take off in thin layers or scales, as tartar from the teeth; to pare off, as a surface. If all the mountains were… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Scale — Scale, v. t. [Cf. It. scalare, fr. L. scalae, scala. See {Scale} a ladder.] To climb by a ladder, or as if by a ladder; to ascend by steps or by climbing; to clamber up; as, to scale the wall of a fort. [1913 Webster] Oft have I scaled the craggy …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Scale-up —   [skeɪl ʌp, englisch] das, , Bezeichnung für die Maßstabsvergrößerung bei Anlagen der Verfahrenstechnik. Nach der häufig angewandten Ähnlichkeitstheorie werden bei der Übertragung von Laborergebnissen in den großtechnischen Maßstab möglichst… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • scale — [n1] graduated system calibration, computation, degrees, extent, gamut, gradation, hierarchy, ladder, order, pecking order*, progression, proportion, range, ranking, rate, ratio, reach, register, rule, scope, sequence, series, spectrum, spread,… …   New thesaurus


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